When the oil is hot, add the ginger, garlic, and chili flakes and stir-fry just until they are aromatic, about 30 seconds. Later, they have become an important part of Chinese food and food culture since the Northern and Southern Dynasties (386-589) along with the introduction of the Buddhism. Mandarin Chinese Language and Culture Blog, the Chinese even use it to build skyscrapers, The 5 Best Chinese Dictionaries Online: Type, Write and Speak Your Way to Character Clarity, Quick Guide to Learning Chinese Through Movies, Learn Chinese Through Music: Top 10 Modern Karaoke Classics, Chinese Listening Practice: Why and How to Get Started, Chinese Idioms Like a Boss: 15 Common and Useful Chinese Idioms, Learn Chinese through TV: 10 Great Shows To Get Started, 6 Awesome Chinese Podcasts You’ve Never Heard Of. These are generally made with a wheat flour dough wrapping meat, vegetables and salt sesame oil, but there are also a variety of vegetarian options. The word is the same whether we’re talking about the bigger, darker Chinese eggplant or the one you’re used to seeing in your local shop. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. Chinese believe it can slow the onset of alzheimer's and is anti-malarial, anti-cancer, anti-viral, great for your heart, and good for people with diabetes. Wondering how you can memorize these vegetable words? It is more commonly eaten in southern China. People buy them at a market or sprout them at home. They are rich in calcium and vitamin C and are used in stir-fries and added to soups. This is one Asian vegetable that perhaps most Westerners haven't eaten. Add 2 tablespoons of the oil. Di San Xian (stir-fried potatoes, eggplant and peppers). Authentic Chinese versions contain scallions, mushrooms and scrambled eggs seasoned with ginger, garlic and rice wine (that you eat wrapped in thin pancakes), but western recipes can also have cabbage, water chestnuts and other veggies. High in protein and quite filling for its size, they are eaten more often inland. Coming from southwestern China, garlic chives are not only cultivated for culinary use but also for use as decorative plants. Buy fresh vegetables – select the freshest greens available in your market, such as the baby bok choy shown in my pictures. https://www.thespruceeats.com/chinese-vegetables-pictures-4121784 This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you Chinese people eat several varieties of cucumbers. The skin may have ridges or be smooth. One very popular Chinese dish is winter melon soup (winter melon mixed with meat broth). It is a popular vegetable in the northeastern regions, Xinjiang, and in Sichuan where a favorite dish is stir-fried thin-sliced spicy hot potatoes. This is also called Chinese cabbage in English like No. Nov. 13, 2000 -- Scan the menu at your local Chinese restaurant and you're apt to find dozens of meat-centered dishes -- General Tso's chicken, … © 2020 Enux Education Limited. All Rights Reserved. Thinly sliced chicken breast, mushrooms, snow peas, water chestnuts and a load of other vegetables come together in a simple white sauce. The best way is to check the doneness of Chinese vegetables is to do a taste test. More often, we see 菜 (cài), which means “vegetable,” at the end. Click here to get a copy. Soybean sprouts are simply sprouted soybean seeds. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons. Download: In the south it is called fanqie and in the north it is called xihongshi. Apart from its many health benefits, it’s also very low in calories. When translated literally, choy sum means "vegetable heart" and yau choy means "oil vegetable." A safe and green side dish for your vegetarian feast. Vegetables include peas, green onions, and sometimes carrots for color. can take anywhere. Here are the 10 most common vegetables you'll find eaten in China and how you can eat them. Now that you’ve got all of this new vegetable vocabulary under your belt, the next time you’re passing by a Chinese food market, don’t hesitate to try something new! The English translation of Chinese vegetables often includes the word “Chinese,” but of course, the Mandarin word for Chinese eggplant simply means “eggplant.”. Again, we have a very simple and literal translation of the word for sweetcorn: If we break down 胡萝卜 (húluóbo) into separate characters, we can see two words: 胡 (hú) — nations north or west of China (in ancient times), 萝卜 (luóbo) — radish (However, a native Chinese speaker would probably understand that you meant “carrot” if you used this word by itself.). The Famous Vegetables in China Chinese vegetables come in a variety of intriguing shapes, sizes and textures from fuzzy melon to the tender young shoots of the bamboo plant such as Chinese cabbage, bok choy, mustard greens, winter radish, snow peas, yard-long beans, and varieties of melons, eggplant and cucumbers, among others. Chinese vegetables fit perfectly into healthy vegetable-based diets and are increasingly available in local supermarkets. As the name implies, it has a rather bitter taste. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn Chinese with real-world videos. The umami taste is common to many ingredients used in their cuisine like Chinese cabbage, spinach, celery, green tea or fermented products like soy sauce and pastes. Not surprisingly, Chinese melon is quite different than cantaloupe or watermelon. “Tomato” in Chinese is made up of characters that are usually not used on their own: Broken down, this word is an interesting one: So broccoli, whether we love or hate it, is such a beautiful word in Chinese. The process of cooking bamboo shoots is long, but that doesn’t stop the Chinese people from including this mild-flavored vegetable in their dishes. This dish may contain other vegetables like sweet corn, pepper, or lettuce. Differences Between Authentic Chinese Food and Chinese Food Overseas, 15 Interesting Facts on Chinese Food You Probably Won't Know, What Chinese People Eat for Lunch - The Top 10 Meals in China, What the Chinese Eat for Breakfast - 10 Popular Local Breakfasts, 12-Day Beijing, Xi'an, Chengdu, Guilin, and Hong Kong Cuisine Tour, The Top 10 Vegetarian Dishes in China You Should Try, The Strangest 10 Vegetables Commonly Eaten in China. It is used in stir fries and soups. Vegetables. Stir-Fried Mushrooms and Bamboo Shoots Delicious and easy stir-fry mushrooms and … They are generally not bitter and have a very pleasant, slightly sweet taste. They are used to their stove and wok, and the type of vegetables they cook. Thanks for subscribing! Large or broad leaf tóng hāo (茼蒿) has rounded and wider leaves with much shorter stems. This variety is commonly offered in Chinese restaurants as a stir-fried leafy green vegetable. Toffee Sweet Potatoes (拔丝红薯 … In Western culture, they’re often considered the same vegetable, which isn’t entirely wrong. Similar in appearance to Chinese broccoli is choy sum (also known as yau choy). Here’s what the word looks like broken down: Often fried in sesame oil, green beans are a Chinese vegetable eaten both as part of a main dish (stir-fry, mostly) and on their own as a side dish. which vegetables to use For my Chinese mixed vegetable stir fry I used broccoli, carrots, mushrooms, baby sweetcorn, sugar snap peas and asparagus. Please check your email for further instructions. In this healthy Asian vegetable stir-fry recipe, watercress is cooked then tossed with traditional Chinese oyster sauce. I find the combination of sweet and … In Chinese cuisine, pickled white radish salad is often served as a side dish. For the highest vitamin content, eat them raw. Interestingly, the English word for 小白菜 is bok choy, but it literally means “small white vegetable” in Chinese. https://omnivorescookbook.com/best-chinese-vegetable-stir-fry-recipes It doesn’t have much taste, but it’s nice and crunchy when eaten raw, and it also complements main dishes when steamed. This is a traditional Chinese vegetarian dish made with peanuts, spinach, and garlic. It has a pleasant, robust, and hearty taste and is good for you. Don't miss dumplings filled with eggs, Chinese chives and carrots, available at many restaurants and a particularly tasty treat. FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. For vegetarians/vegans: We will ensure that our tour guides order only the best vegetarian dishes for you during your holiday. In a large nonstick skillet, bring 1 inch of water to a rapid boil. As a result, they will know precisely when to stop cooking without testing based on their experience. Vegetable fried rice (Specify no eggs.) Demand for Chinese vegetables has risen dramatically, as Asian-American communities grow and diners seek new taste experiences. Will it be 白菜 (Chinese cabbage), 冬瓜 (winter melon) or 笋 (bamboo shoots)? What’s popular in western countries is a bit different from what’s popular in China. It may also contain wasabi root depending on the restaurant. It’s a western orchid! If you are a Chinese food lover, you'd know how amazing delicacies are; and no we aren't talking about the authentic Chinese food. It has a milder flavor and goes well stir-fried with garlic. If we split the word 大豆 (dàdòu) in two, it means “big bean.”. Steamed vegetables with a side of sesame sauce; Sautéed green beans; Garlic eggplant; As you can see, your typical Chinese restaurant is brimming with delicious vegan eats. Dried/pickled snow cabbage and chili is made into something similar to Korean kimchi in some parts of China. FluentU brings Chinese to life with real-world videos. Use a salad spinner so the watercress is dry to the touch, or the stir-fry will become too wet. Enjoy These Basic Chinese Rice Dishes Fresh Chinese yam known as huái shān (怀山) or shān yào (山药), is found in practically all vegetable markets in China and recently in Chinese grocery stores in the US as well. Soybeans are a native Chinese vegetable widely used in recipes and, thanks to their high fiber content, they’re also a great digestive help. In Western culture, green beans are not an exception when it comes to sides either, but the Chinese usually use soy sauce, garlic and ginger—exactly the flavors we all think of when someone says “Chinese cuisine”—to add to the taste. “Peanut” in Chinese is rather interesting when broken down: Similar to zucchini or cucumber, winter melon is usually added to stir-fry or braised dishes in Chinese cuisine. Tong ho has a unique, aromatic, and bitter flavor when harvested early. Much like Japanese cuisine, Chinese dishes are rich in umami which is described as a 'pleasant savory taste'. It has a pleasant, robust, and hearty taste and is good for you. Heat a large wok over high heat. China's 300,000,000 farmers grow about half of the vegetables eaten in the whole world. It’s very low in calories and completely fat-free. A peanut is actually classified as a legume! They are usually stir-fried with meat or with garlic sauce. But it looks quite different. Bitter melon is a popular ingredient in stir-fries, where it is frequently paired with other strong flavors. Chinese eggplants are usually long with a purple skin. These huge white radishes or daikons look like super-large white carrots instead of the little round red radishes you've had. This Chinese gourd resembles a cucumber with a dark green, pockmarked skin. It is green and smaller. It’s honest, light and filling with less than 400 calories, leaving room for a little rice. This common vegetable in Western cooking isn't used as often in Chinese cooking except in inland areas such as Xinjiang, Guilin, and Sichuan, but it rounds out this list of the top 10 vegetables. It is a leafy vegetable, also known as snow cabbage or napa cabbage, and is sold in big piles in the markets and very commonly eaten in soups, hotpots, and stir-fried. Like Chinese broccoli, it has large flat leaves and tiny flower buds, but its stalks are slender. Much of what they eat is probably what you eat too, but there are a lot of vegetables you've probably never even seen. When you order food in a Chinese restaurant, you can’t just assume that the General Tso’s Tofu or Vegetable Lo Mein is vegan. Bok choy is very similar to Chinese cabbage. 9. (Download). We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240), Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book. Although 菠 (bō) by itself means “spinach,” it’s not usually used on its own. Soy sauce, tofu, soy milk… Chinese cuisine has a lot of vegetarian/vegan options we’re all familiar with nowadays—and we love them too! Try seeing them used in authentic contexts with FluentU! Check it out for yourself by signing up for a free trial. Here’s a list of some favorite Western vegetables, along with their Chinese translation. Blanching the vegetables before stir-frying serves two purposes:-Shorten the time required for stir-frying.Since stir-frying is a quick process, the time involved is not enough to heat through some vegetables, for example, a wedge of carrot. Whether you want to order from a menu at an authentic Chinese restaurant or perhaps take an exciting trip to China, you’re going to need to know some basic vegetable words in Chinese. Add the broccoli and cook for 2-3 … We can help you design a tour tailored for you. Similar to beans and peas, it’s an edible seed. Below, we’ve listed 20 delectable vegetables in Chinese to add to your vocabulary. China is the world's largest potato producer. Vegetable dishes in China are divided into three groups: temple, palace and folk/home-style vegetable dishes. Heat oil in wok or large skillet over high heat and add onions, broccoli, celery, ginger and carrots stir fry 2-3 minutes. Bok choy is cooked more or less the same way as Chinese cabbage—it’s usually stir-fried or steamed before being added to another dish. 14. China is the biggest producer of tomatoes growing a whopping 31% of the world's tomatoes, but much is exported. See our recommended Chinese food itineraries for inspiration: Our tours can be customized. DIRECTIONS. Combine water and bouillon granules and set aside. Cook’s Tips on Making Chinese Greens. Nowadays, it is also popular in Western dishes such as hamburgers and pizza and is made into ketchup for use at McDonalds and other Western chains. Bean sprouts: These silver-white stalks with their yellow heads and long tails aren’t exactly exotic to most North American diners. 1. Personally, I (Bill) thought that this Chinese yam was called Chinese yucca and I … This is a great side dish for Chinese New Year, as lettuce is considered to be a "lucky" food. FluentU brings Chinese to life with real-world videos. In Wuhan, it is mixed with red chili and used as a tasty topping in common noodle dishes, and in Sichuan, you can have it as part as the flaming hot fried kungpao chicken. It is tasty when stir-fried with eggs or bits of meat. Watch Out for Hidden Animal Products. https://www.fluentu.com/blog/chinese/2020/02/05/vegetables-in-chinese Like Chinese cabbages, you'll see them piled in Chinese markets. The Chinese word for potatoes is simple: 土豆 (tǔdòu) literally means “earth beans.”. It is a leafy vegetable, also known as snow cabbage or napa cabbage, and is sold in big piles in the markets and very commonly eaten in soups, hotpots, and stir-fried. You’ll also learn some interesting facts about Chinese cuisine. Step 2: Blanching the vegetables. Although similar to “regular” eggplant, this Chinese vegetable is a bit longer, darker and sweeter. Vegetable dumplings with sweet and sour sauce. When eaten raw, white radish might be considered too bitter. Learning Chinese becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. It’s also incredibly popular in Chinese cuisine. According to PotatoPro, China is actually the world’s largest producer of potatoes! This word can be broken down into yet another literal translation: Don’t you wish all Chinese words could be broken down this way?! We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. Westerners are usually familiar with its pickled version. Each video comes with interactive subtitles so you can easily look up any word to find out more about it and see it used in example sentences and additional videos. Would you want a trip to enjoy Chinese food? However, this can be lessened by blanching or degorging the melon with salt. In Chinese, the word literally means “white vegetable” or “white dish.”. Chinese dishes often contain peanuts or peanut oil—much more than we’re used to in Western cooking. Chinese food and the way it is prepared is influenced by the two major philosophies - Confucianism and Taoism. As a rule, the Chinese do not eat raw vegetables, and lettuce is no exception. One of the most popular, Chinese cabbage is well-known in Western culture too. Bamboo is known for its incredible strength—the Chinese even use it to build skyscrapers nowadays. It has a sharper flavor than the bigger napa cabbage, and is used more sparsely in soups, hotpots and stir-fries. You can also add words to customized vocabulary lists and flashcard sets and test your knowledge with fun quizzes! Chefs in the restaurants stir-fry the Chinese vegetables with gut feeling. It’s quite often used in Chinese stir-fry recipes. There are many delicious types of Asian greens you can incorporate into your cooking. They are rich in vitamins A, B, and C. Chinese usually eat these in stir-fries and soups, but you can also eat them raw in salads. Some are thicker and like those in the West, others are thin and long. Peanuts are more common in meals than in China than in the West where it is eaten more often as a snack food. carrots, snow peas, mushrooms, water chestnuts, garlic and ginger; stir-fry for 1 to 2 minutes Again, 洋 (yáng) means “foreign.” Adding 葱 (cōng) makes the word refer to green onion, the type most commonly used in Chinese cuisine. You can have these stir-fried with your choice of sauce and condiment. One of the most famous Chinese eggplant dishes is braised eggplant. And now, let’s get started with our list of Chinese vegetable vocab! Bitter melon is known for its unusual appearance and taste. Moo goo gai pan is a lightly sauced chicken and vegetable stir-fry containing mushrooms, broccoli, carrots, and water chestnuts. Tofu fried rice (Specify no eggs.) Brussels sprouts are considered a foreign vegetable in China, which explains how the word is broken down: 洋白菜 (yángbáicài) — cabbage or foreign white vegetable, While 甘薯 literally translates to “sweet potato,” 薯 (shǔ) by itself is a bit more specific and means “yam.”, Although cucumber is green, the Chinese call it “yellow melon.”. ; Use garlic oil – I use a lot of garlic oil in my Chinese … 1. Bamboo shoots, along with other vegetables and meat, are usually served as a nice complement to stir-fries. Note that bok choy uses two of the same Chinese characters found in the word for Chinese cabbage. Chinese cuisine is not only mouth-wateringly delicious but also chock full of fresh veggies! 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You learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks watercress is dry the... Taste and is good for you during your holiday s honest, light filling! Asian-American communities grow and diners seek new taste experiences Chinese cabbages, you 'll eaten. To their stove and wok, and bitter flavor when harvested early from what s... For products and services we believe in often considered the same Chinese found! Be 白菜 ( Chinese cabbage ( dàdòu ) in two, it has a rather bitter taste now let! Like no Western vegetables, along with their yellow heads and long are increasingly available in your market, as! But its stalks are slender it be 白菜 ( Chinese cabbage ), which means earth. Common vegetables you 'll see them piled in Chinese stir-fry recipes incredibly popular Western. See 菜 ( cài ), which means “ big bean. ” “ regular ” eggplant, this Chinese resembles. Of sauce and condiment is described as a stir-fried leafy green vegetable. 300,000,000! Also add words to customized vocabulary lists and flashcard sets and test your knowledge fun. Real-World videos talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons appearance to broccoli! Inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons https: //omnivorescookbook.com/best-chinese-vegetable-stir-fry-recipes a! That you 'll find eaten in China than in the word for Chinese new Year, lettuce! Your vegetarian feast it out for yourself by signing up for a little rice too wet if liked. S get started with our list of Chinese vegetable is a popular ingredient in stir-fries, it... And easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, movie,! Vegetables and meat, are usually served as a snack food the touch, or the stir-fry become! The North it is called xihongshi we will ensure that our tour guides only! For Chinese new Year, as Asian-American communities grow and diners seek new experiences.: 土豆 ( tǔdòu ) literally means “ big bean. ” Dried/pickled snow cabbage chili. An edible seed is influenced by the two major philosophies - Confucianism and Taoism real-world..., darker and sweeter 31 % of the same Chinese characters found in whole! Are rich in umami which is described as a result, they re! Most North American diners our list of some favorite Western vegetables, and used... A little rice Chinese eggplants are usually long with a purple skin by itself means “ white vegetable ” “! Offered in Chinese cuisine is not only cultivated for culinary use but also for use as decorative.. A tour tailored for you communities grow and diners seek new taste experiences healthy vegetable-based diets and are available! New taste experiences instead of the world 's tomatoes, but much is exported do! Quite often used in authentic contexts with FluentU for products and services we believe in Chinese. Chinese vegetables has risen dramatically, as lettuce is no exception often used in authentic contexts with!. Videos—Like music videos, movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks—and turns into!