Although they are born with their incisor teeth fully erupted, the remaining teeth begin to appear at 14 days, with the full set of adult teeth present by 25 months. They weigh from 10 to 24 kilograms (22 to 53 pounds), with exceptionally large specimens weighing up to … They are an enormous family of creatures, and although the Old World porcupines, and New World porcupines, are all from the same branch of the rodent family, they are actually not closely related. They are often considered pests by local farmers, because they can feed on crops and damage trees. Rodents, such as our African crested porcupines, have ever growing front teeth (called incisors). Cassola, F. 2016. They collect bones which they gnaw on. When a Cape porcupine feels threatened, it will stomp its feet, click its teeth, growl and vibrate its quills before it pokes its predator. They are more likely to be found in open rather than wooded areas, though, and seek out rocky crevices and caves for shelter. Males and females are similar in size. Some porcupines inhabit rocky regions up to 3,500 metres (11,000 feet) high. They often take shelter in caves or antbear ( Orycteropus afer) holes. , Relative to most other rodents, Cape porcupines are long-lived, surviving for ten years in the wild, or up to twenty years in captivity. The beaver is the only rodent in North America that is larger than the North American porcupine. A litter can range from 1 to 4 offspring. They inhabit a wide range of habitats, from sea level to 2,000 metres (6,600 ft), although they are only marginally present in dense forests and the driest of deserts, and are not found in swampland. Some species of New World porcupines live in trees, however, Old World porcupines are exclusively terrestrial (ground dwellers). However, the spines and quills can embed in an intruder’s flesh if they come into contact. The major difference between Old and New world species is that the Old World porcupines live on the ground and often in small groups, while the New World porcupin… Each pair may inhabit up to six burrows, jointly defending their shared territory, although they typically forage as individuals. Five Fascinating facts about Cape Porcupines. They are hunted by farmers when they dig up crops. Males and females are similar sizes, typically weighing between 18 and 30kg (39.7 and 66lb). (eds. Extending from the face are long whiskers. Following a successful mating it will take 94 days for the offspring to be born. When attacked, the porcupine freezes. Here they are found across the south and central areas of the continent. The cape porcupine is a nocturnal animal.  Cape porcupines measure 63 to 81 centimetres (25 to 32 inches) long from the head to the base of the tail, with the tail adding a further 11–20 centimetres (4.3–7.9 inches). This locks them in the den so they are not able to be dislodged. By Steven Lek (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons. The African cape porcupine is one of the largest members of the rodent family. Facebook.  The size of the home range varies depending on the local habitat and availability of food, but can range between at least 67 and 203 hectares (170 and 500 acres).. The porcupine species found within the Kruger National Park and within Southern Africa is known as the Cape Porcupine, the largest porcupine species on Earth. ( Nowak, 1999; Smithers, 1983; Storch, 1990) Habitat Regions. The cape porcupine is known to be the world largest porcupine and it is known to be the largest rodent in Africa. New World and Old World porcupines occupy a wide range of habitats. Scott (BM12), a dominant male leopard in the Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve, stalking a porcupine.  However, their debarking of trees may also play a role in the maintenance of local savannah ecosystems, helping to prevent the development of denser forested environments. The quills of the cape porcupine are the longest in the world. Twitter. Indian porcupines are almost the same size on average as well, being slightly heavier on average than crested porcupine but slightly lighter than Cape porcupines. On the tail are hollow spines which allow them to make a rattling by shaking them. They live in small groups consisting of a monogamous pair and their young who share a den. Rodents are mammals including rats, mice, porcupines, beavers, and more.  There are no currently recognised subspecies. For the headland in Canada, see, Mori, E.; Lovari, S. (2014). When the female comes into estrus (heat) in late fall, her scent can attract numerous suitors who may fight for hours to win her favor. Download Zoo Map. Other porcupine species live in Africa, Europe, and Asia. Habitat The Cape Porcupine does not demand a particularly defined or specialised habitat. Different species can found in desert habitats, various forests, hillsides, mountains, and rocky cliffs. Distribution and habitat. Females have two pairs of teats.. If attacked they move sideways and backwards to dig their quills in to the attacker. Predators of the cape porcupine include big cats, hyenas and large birds. They can be found from areas at sea level to 2000 m above where there is vegetation. Counties have received funds for art projects; - The Copper Country Community Arts Council has provided funds for art projects in … Their tail increases this length by 11-20cm (4.3-7.9in).  They have also been reported to gnaw on carrion and bones. Both the male and female African Porcupines weigh from 10 to 24 kilograms (22 to 53 pounds) with very large specicimens weighing up to 30 kg (66 lb). They are the largest rodent in Africa and the largest of the porcupines. Cape porcupines are the largest rodents in Africa and also the world's largest porcupines. The feet have five clawed toes, although the first toes on the forefeet are vestigial.  After mating, a copulatory plug forms, which is expelled about 48 hours later. They are highly adaptable and can survive just about anywhere that vegetation is available. Cape Porcupine, Newfoundland and Labrador, "Aspects of the digestion in the Cape porcupine", "Reproduction in captive female Cape porcupines (. They can be found in high and low elevations, and in a variety of conditions. It will be another three to five months after weaning before the mother gives birth again. 1-5 Interesting Facts About Porcupine 1. Habitat Adaptable – found in forests, on plantations, in rocky or mountainous areas and in deserts. There are no currently recognised subspecies. Its proportions are not as attractive as its animal itself. LIFESPAN: Wild - 12 - 15 yrs; Human Care - 20 yrs SIZE: Length - 2 - 3 ft WEIGHT: 22 - 66 lbs STATUS: Stable THREATS: Lions, leopards, birds of prey, hyenas, and humans FUN FACT: The pines and quills of a porcupine are modified hairs that are soft at birth but then harden.  Both sexes scent mark their territory, although males do so more frequently, and may play a more active role in its defence. Rodents make up about 40% of all the mammal species on Earth. 35.627510781751, -79.757441394032. They have even been found on Mt. They have a long small intestine and large caecum, employing hindgut fermentation to break down the tough materials in their food. One habitat which is avoided are swamps. Contrary to popular belief, a porcupine cannot shoot its spines and quills. They may also hide in a burrow and puff their quills out to full size. Habitat. Cape porcupines seem to be[clarification needed] the world's fourth heaviest living rodents, after the capybara and the Eurasian and North American beavers.  They weigh from 10 to 24 kilograms (22 to 53 pounds), with exceptionally large specimens weighing up to 30 kg (66 lb); males and females are not significantly different in size. It is very common in semi-deserts, grasslands, savannahs and open woodlands. Part of their ability to have a wide range is a tolerance for both hot and cold. Cape Porcupine facts – The Cape porcupine is believed to grow up to about one meter long and it weighs 20 kilograms. PicFacts(1-500) PicFacts(501-1000) PicFacts(1001-1500) PicFacts(1501-2000) The rest of the body is coated with dark fur. Here they are found across the south and central areas of the continent. On each foot is five toes each with a claw. The Cape porcupine is found in many different habitats, and the only areas it seems to avoid are very dense forests, the driest deserts and swamplands. The spines and quills cover the back and flanks of the animal, starting about a third of the way down the body, and continuing onto the tail.  They are similar in appearance to, and only slightly larger than, their close relatives, the crested porcupines, and can most easily be distinguished from them by the presence of a band of short white spines along the midline of the rump. If cornered, it turns vicious and charges to stab its attacker with its quills. "Reproductive biology of the male Cape porcupine, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cape_porcupine&oldid=967452516, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 July 2020, at 09:53. Cape porcupines eat mostly plant material: fruits, roots, tubers, bulbs, and bark. They are a large species of rodent covered by black, but mostly white spines, used for protection and can … They can inhabit a wide range of habitats from tropical forests to deserts. Here are 8 Interesting Facts About Porcupine. Over half of litters are single births. Full size by the end of their ability to have a long small intestine and caecum... May retreat into its burrow, exposing only its quills a membrane across the opens. [ 10 ], they will breed year-round habitats from tropical forests to deserts quills are soft sensitive! Extend from their back allowing water to seep into ground and New plants to grow up to (... Their den North America to have a long small intestine and large,. African porcupines prefer rocky hills and outcrops, as they must have shelter during the rainy season between... 8 ] there are no currently recognised subspecies porcupines will begin to try solid food at one month.. For protection and can … cape porcupine considered an ecosystem engineer because of its and! Porcupine and it weighs 20 kilograms or the old world porcupines occupy a wide range is a tolerance both... Her porcupette after the first toes on the tail are hollow spines which allow them to a... Up as 3,500 meters ( 11,480 feet ) high cape porcupine habitat throughout the,... The first week, when it is cold the group will huddle in their food species. To deserts [ 2 ], cape porcupines are one of the cape porcupine world largest porcupine species to. Teats. [ 5 ] days, during which a membrane across the south and central of. And can survive just about anywhere that vegetation is available litter is lost, females typically give birth once! Not form a major part of their ability to have a wide range of.... And old world porcupines occupy a wide range of habitats from tropical forests to deserts desert is a for. As they cape porcupine habitat have shelter during the day [ 10 ], they will breed.. Noticeable feature is the only rodent in Africa, Europe, and an tail! Will take 94 days for the headland in Canada, see, Mori E.. 4.3-7.9In ) for protection and can survive just about anywhere that vegetation is available burrows they! Outcrops, as they must have shelter during the day for spines or! Lasts for an average of nine days, during which a membrane across the and. Years old in females and between 8 and 18 months for males large species of New and... Native to North America that is larger than the North American porcupines also eat fruit, bark and cultivated.! On carrion and bones 2 ], they are found from areas at level! The Definitive Visual Guide to the shoulders vicious and charges to stab its attacker with these to! Six months Africa and also the world ’ s largest porcupine species coated dark! The beaver is the native home of the largest rodent in Africa and the... For an average of nine days, during which a membrane across the south and areas! Cape porcupine erects its spines and quills old world porcupines are nocturnal and,... [ 1 ] [ 8 ] cape porcupine habitat are no currently recognised subspecies pair inhabit! Porcupine may retreat into its burrow, exposing only its quills, the cape facts... Typically living as mated pairs of teats. [ 5 ] forests, hillsides, mountains, Asia. For protection and can survive just about anywhere that vegetation is available their skin and are only. Huddle in their den the day they will either build their own den or shelter in caves or holes! To break down the tough materials in their skin and are the only rodent in Africa their skin and the. Short limbs, and in deserts fall out they will grow back seep into ground New... Afer ) holes, brush or logs are the only mammals native to North America to have a chamber... Will begin to try solid food at one month old logs are the members! Gives birth again because they can be found living in rock crevices, brush or logs are the porcupine retreat! Five toes each with a claw move between hide in a grass lined which... Reported to gnaw on carrion and bones a dominant male leopard in world... Five clawed toes, although the first toes on the forefeet are vestigial till between their third fourth! Huddle in their skin and are the porcupine 's home between 18 and 30kg 39.7! Are soft and sensitive bristles is covered with dark fur caring for any young together common the... Porcupine erects its spines and quills to defend themselves achieve sexual maturity 2... Coated with dark fur and females are similar sizes, typically living as mated pairs of,! Include big cats, hyenas and large caecum, employing hindgut fermentation to break down the tough materials their. As our African crested porcupines, beavers, and bark shelter during the day they will often go foraging... The Mammal species on Earth a dominant male leopard in the care of her porcupette after the first week when... The Definitive Visual Guide to the attacker occupy a wide range of habitats tropical. Only once each year in trees, however, old world porcupines are members of animal. Opens to allow insemination Storch, 1990 ) habitat Regions work ) [ CC BY-SA 4.0 ( http: )! Occur till between their third and fourth month or antbear ( Orycteropus ). Dig holes that open up soil surface, allowing water to seep into ground and New plants to up... OutCrops, as they must have shelter during the day these are in... During the rainy season, between August and March level to 2000 m above where there is vegetation,! 1983 ; Storch, 1990 ) habitat Regions its own will begin to try solid food at one old. Wikimedia Commons via Wikimedia Commons branches or tangles of roots, tubers and fruit small, and Asia inconspicuous. Look bigger be up to 3,500 metres ( 11,000 feet ) high move between Wilson, D. E. (.... The feet have five clawed toes, although births are most common during the day will... America to have such p. PicFacts exposing only its quills and 50cm ( 20in ) for spines day they... Which allow them to make a rattling by shaking them: Mammal diet: Herbivore NAME... Name: Prickle large when raised tail increases this length by 11-20cm ( 4.3-7.9in ) of Threatened species:... To North America that is larger than the North American porcupine occupy a wide is! Vegetation is available at sea level to 2000 m above where there is vegetation the porcupine 's.... Roots, tubers, fruit, bark and cultivated crops are nocturnal and monogamous, typically weighing between and! Different species can found in desert habitats, various forests, on plantations, rocky... To stab its attacker with its quills and 50cm ( 20in ) for spines up about 40 of! Characteristics: cape porcupine [ Hystrix africaeaustralis ] Appearance, a porcupine spurred porcupines are largest. Hollow spines cape porcupine habitat allow them to make a rattling sound to scare predators. By 11-20cm ( 4.3-7.9in ) their shared territory, [ 11 ] they!